Main Services undertaken by ERPA

 1. Notification and Authorization Directorate (NAD)

Notification and Authorization Directorate (NAD) is one of the two core processes in Ethiopian Radiation Protection Authority (ERPA).Inventory of sources, Handle Notification, Authorization, awareness creation and Issue guidelines (Regulatory requirements) are the activities of Notification and Authorization Directorate. Notification and Authorization are two of the categories of the four regulatory control systems.

1.1 System of Notification

No practice shall be adopted, introduced, conducted, discontinued or ceased and no source within practice shall, as applicable, be mined, milled, processed, designed, manufactured, constructed, assembled, acquired, imported, exported, distributed, sold, loaned, hired, received, sited, located, commissioned, possessed, used, operated, maintained, repaired, transferred, commissioned, disassembled, transported, stored or disposed of, except in accordance with the appropriate requirements of the Standards, unless the exposure from such practice or source is excluded from the Standards.

Any legal person intending to undertake any of these actions:

  1. Shall submit a notification to the regulatory Authority of such an intention,

    start process by dowloading notification forms

  2. And shall apply to the regulatory Authority for an authorization
  3. May take the form of either registration or a License
  4. Notification is the requirement to submit a document to the Authority to notify the intention to carry out a practice.
  5. It is a basic mechanism that provides information to the Authority about a planned action

Notification alone is sufficient for those sources causing very small exposure under normal conditions having negligible likelihood and magnitude of potential exposure under abnormal conditions.

1.2 System of Authorization

Authorization means a permission granted in a document by the Authority to a legal person who has submitted an application to possess, produce, process, manufacture, purchase, sell, import, export, handle, use, transform, transfer, trade, assign, transport, store or dispose of radioactive material, nuclear material, radioactive waste, prescribed substances or any apparatus emitting ionizing radiation and the authorization may take the form of a registration or a license. The forms of authorization could be Exemption, Permit, Registration and License.

The authorizations Procedure are Notification, Submission of completed Authorization form, Evaluation of application, Safety assessment by service providers and Granting/refusal of authorization.

Authorization is required in case where exclusion, exemption or clearance does not apply or where notification is not sufficient.

Registrants and licensees before starting any practice shall determine:

  1. The characteristic and nature of their intended activity
  2. The potential hazard to the public and environment
  3. All the significant exposure path ways to the public (pre-operational study)
  4. Assess the dose to the critical groups
  5. Submit this information to the ERPA as an input to Authorization process
  6. Click here to Download Autorazation forms

2. Inspection and Enforcement Directorate(IED)

2.1 Imported Products and Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring Team

Monitoring level of radioactivity in selected imported food stuffs and other items such as: Milk and dairy products, Fish, Metal Billets and Metal Products, Fertilizers. Monitoring the concentration of radio nuclides in environmental and food samples ( soil, water, rock, crops, cereals etc.), Environmental radioactivity assessment in mining, Developing baseline data on ambient level of radiation in the environment and undertaking trend analysis using Environmental TLD, Monitoring the level of radon gas in places where the level is expected to be above the permissible limit, Monitoring the level of annual occupational radiation exposure of mining workers from naturally occurring radioactive materials.

2.2 REPR and RAWM Team

Tasks under Radiological Emergency Preparedness and Response (REPR):

Review national policy of the participant institution, Perform threat assessment, Develop planning basis, Develop concept of operations and allocate responsibilities, Develop interim capability, Write National Radiation Emergency Plan (NREP), Present NREP, Implement detailed plans, Test the capability,Establish ongoing quality assurance(QA) and maintenance.

Tasks under Radioactive Waste Management (RAWM):

Make and maintain control with all relevant persons involved with radioactive waste to provide an authoritative point of advice and guidance, Establish and maintain a detail record keeping system for all stages of radioactive waste management, including the inventory of radioactive waste, Ensure that waste package for off- site transportation is prepared to be in compliance with Transport Regulations, Ensure that appropriate shielding, labeling, physical security and integrity of waste packages, Segregation, collection and characterization of radioactive waste, Treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste.

2.3 Inspection and Enforcement Team

Conducting Inspection based on: Regular inspection Programme and, Request from the customer (Verification Inspection, Inspection based on past profile of the institution.

Conduct inspection using Quality control(QC) check list, Conducting Inspection whether orphan radiation sources are found or not, Conducting Inspection and ensuring the availability of orphan radiation sources, Monitoring and controlling the safety and physical security of radioactive sources with high risk, Follow–up on institution with non–compliances, Enforcement action

Possible actions for non-compliance: Formal instructions assured & correct the infraction, Written warning for non – compliance, Suspension of or restrictions on, operation until regulatory infraction or safety condition is corrected, Seal radioactive source/ Radiation emitting device or the room where these sources are found, Prosecution, Gathering evidence and legal background for initiating prosecutions

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